Optometrists should not be confused with ophthalmologists or dispensing opticians. Ophthalmologists are physicians who perform eye surgery, diagnose and treat eye diseases and injuries. Like optometrists, they also examine eyes and prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses.
Dispensing opticians fit and adjust eyeglasses and fit contact lenses according to prescriptions written by ophthalmologists or optometrists.
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Typical employers are same as employers of optometrists. Both graduates of optometry and ophthalmology can set up their own eyes clinics and stores if they have the funds.
For more information read: The overview – MEDICINE/ PHARMACEUTICAL/HEALTH SCIENCE