Optometrists or Doctors of Optometry are the main providers of vision care. They examine people’s eyes to diagnose vision problems, such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, and they test patients’ eye depth and colour perception.
They also test the ability to focus and coordinate the eyes. Optometrists may prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses or they may provide other treatments, such as vision therapy or low-vision rehabilitation. Like other physicians, optometrists encourage preventive measures by promoting nutrition and hygiene education to their patients to minimize the risk of eye disease.
Most optometrists are private practitioners who handle the business of running an office, such as developing a patient base, hiring employees, keeping paper and electronic records, and ordering equipment and supplies.
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Optometrists work with ophthalmologists and both have same employment opportunities. Typical employers of optometrists are eye care centres, hospitals/health care centres, optical manufacturing industries, pharmaceutical companies, and schools (higher institutions).